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Focused Attention (FA) Meditation: When distracting or negative thoughts enter into one's awareness and interfere with meditation, people are taught to accept these thoughts in a nonjudgemental manner, and to then nudge their attention back to its original focus (Lutz et al., 2008). Although this technique is initially quite difficult, over time people become quite good at maintaining their attention on their chosen object.

Open Monitoring (OM) Meditation: This technique also uses focused attention to train the mind and to reduce the influence of distractions. After initial training with FA, people can transition into the use of OM styles of meditating. Here, meditators pay attention to moment-by-moment sensations without focusing on a particular object (Cahn & Polich, 2006). A key feature of OM is to attempt to experience each sensation intensely, examining its rich sensory properties and emotional characteristics in great depth; however, these sensations should not become the sole focus of attention, preventing the meditator from responding to other sensations.

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